Rolls-Royce was originally the name of the British car and aero engine manufacturing company founded by by C.S. Rolls and Henry Royce in 1904.
Currently it is the trade name used for the production of the Rolls-Royce Phantom by BMW. Delivery of this model started in 2003.
Uniquely, Bentley Motors Limited and not Rolls-Royce is the company which continues the legacy of the Rolls-Royce automobile division. Bentley Motors Limited was aquired by the Volkswagen Group in 1998. However, it was only allowed to produce cars with the Rolls-Royce trademark until 2003, at which time the license for the trademarks went to BMW.
Between 1931 and 2003, Rolls-Royce and Bentley automobiles shared a lot of their mechanical and design parts, with the main difference usually being the radiator grille. Since 2003, production model Rolls-Royce cars have no corporate or technical historical legacy with their predecesors, other than the Rolls-Royce trademark.
Rolls-Royce cars are commonly referred to as "Rolls", "Roller" and "Double R" in popular culture. Although the residents of Derby, the community in which the headquarters of Rolls-Royce plc is located, refer to the firm as "Royce's".
Another interesting fact is that Rolls-Royces were originally built in Crewe, Cheshire, but after the BMW takeover of the trademark, they are produced in the new Rolls-Royce factory located at Goodwood in Sussex.